World Thalassemia Day 2021: Why is India called the capital of Kothalassemia?  How does this affect the body?

World Thalassemia Day 2021 (File Photo)

Thalassemia is a genetic disease that is usually present in a child from birth. This is the story of the tragedy of how serious and touching a disease is, its figures tell. According to the data received, there are about 4 crore thalassemia carriers in India, due to lack of treatment, every year about one lakh children succumb to death before they can step on the threshold of youth. This is the reason why India is known as the capital of Thalassemia. Let us know what is Thalassemia and to what extent does the patient have to struggle to live life. Immunity Booster: How effective are vitamin pills in boosting immunity? Learn what the Experts say.


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World Thalassemia Day is being celebrated regularly since 08 May 1994. On this day, Thalassemia International Federation also organizes various programs for International Thalassemia Day. The main purpose of celebrating this day is to attract the attention of common people, patient institutions, public authorities, health professionals, and representatives of the industry, to promote discussion on a particular topic related to the prevention, management or treatment of the disease. Simultaneously promote works

What is blood?

Thalassemia is a type of blood disorder that is thought to be genetic. Before understanding this, we should know what is blood? Human blood consists of blood cells and plasma. Blood cells are of three types, first red blood cell (RBC), second white blood cell (WBC), third platelets, while plasma is the liquid part of blood. In this fluid, blood cells float to different parts of the body. Plasma also transmits nutrients absorbed from the intestines to various parts of the body. That is, every part of the body gets its food only through plasma.

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How does Thalassemia occur?

There are two types of thalassemia, first minor thalassemia, second major thalassemia, now the child will have minor thalassemia or major thalassemia, it depends on the chromosome of the parents. If the chromosomes in the body of either of the mother or father are defective, then there is a possibility of minor thalassemia in the child. But the chromosomes of both parents are defective, then the condition of major thalassemia is created.

In this case, blood may stop forming in the child three to 6 months after birth, and then the child needs to be given blood every 21 to 30 days, whereas in children with minor thalassemia, the blood never reaches normal levels. Reachable, it is always short, but they lead healthy lives.

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How to protect newborn’s life?

If one of the parents has Thalassemia, they should plan to have a baby in consultation with a gynecologist. One way to do this is by getting the boy and girl tested for their blood before marriage to ensure that both do not suffer from minor thalassemia. If any one of the mother or father has major thalassemia, then the fetus can be tested within four months of conception.


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