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World Asthma Day 2021: With the right treatment and proper care, you can control asthma, know some myths related to this disease

World Asthma Day
(File photo)

New Delhi: Every year, World Asthma Day is organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma to raise awareness about asthma and its management in the world. It is celebrated on the first Tuesday of May. On this day, many activities are done around the world to motivate asthma patients to keep their asthma under control. World Asthma Day 2020: Today is’ World Asthma Day, know its history-symptoms, is it incurable?

This time the theme of World Asthma Day “Uncovering the misconceptions of asthma”

In view of the current Kovid-19 pandemic, the Global Initiative for Asthma appealed to the people suffering from the disease to wash their hands well, maintain proper social distance and continue the medicines prescribed by the doctor. The theme of this year’s World Asthma Day is to “uncover the misconceptions of asthma”. Some common misconceptions about asthma are:

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• Asthma is a childhood disease; As age increases, people will come out of it.

• Asthma is contagious.

• Asthma sufferers should not exercise.

• Asthma can only be controlled with high-dose steroids.

Viral infections, cold air, and migraines act as triggers for asthma

Shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness and cough are symptoms of asthma. During an asthma attack, the lining of the airways swells, causing the airways to narrow and thus the air flow through and out of the lungs. The exact cause of asthma is not fully known. Common risk factors include house dust, bed mite, carpet, pollution and pet dander, new pollen and mold; There are tobacco smoke and chemical irritants in the workplace. Extreme emotional stimuli such as viral infections, cold air, anger or fear, and migraines can act as a trigger for asthma.

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235 million people globally suffer from asthma in 2020

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), globally in 2020, 235 million people were suffering from asthma and it is one of the major non-communicable diseases. It is the most common disease in children. Asthma cannot be cured, but if it is managed with the right treatment at the right time, it can be controlled to prevent an asthma attack or reduce the number of asthma patients.

Exercise is important for asthma patients

Regular exercise can help reduce the symptoms of asthma. Exercise is as important for a person with asthma as it is for someone without asthma. Special inhalers or daily medication can be taken for the treatment of asthma. In addition, the patient should avoid going to the smoky area. He should know why and how the chances of asthma increase. With proper management of asthma, we can lead successful and active lives.

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